What does is mean to do public research in the environmental humanities? This and other questions lie at the heart of this series of essays, "Public Engagements." Contributors, PPEH Fellows and students, reflect on: Who is the "public" in my public research? How will they be engaged? Does my project need a public audience? A participant audience? Participant observers? Am I looking for research subjects? Co-creators? How will I document my social practice research?
After the Rain
Seung-Hyun Chung, Undergraduate PPEH Fellow, English
Playwright Chantal Bilodeau says she’s breaking up with Aristotle. It’s a difficult claim to untangle. Aristotle underlies the foundation of our place and moment, from conceptions of freedom to the way we tell stories. And that’s the problem. His western dramatic structure, Bilodeau argues, depends on a conquest narrative in which man must subjugate nature, a continuous nature/culture divide that justifies histories of material appropriation, colonialism, racism, and patriarchy. While this notion is experimental, it begs a necessary political question. How can we imagine new ways to tell stories that inspire urgency and radically re-orient our consciousness toward climate crisis and the Anthropocene?
This question was on my mind when I wrote After the Rain, a play exploring mental health as an index of planetary health that grew out of Dr. Wiggin’s Environmental Humanities course. In the story, the protagonist experiences a special kind of rain - from macarons to dollar coins falling from the sky - that occurs every time she has a panic attack. Form and content felt inseparable while writing. I felt that this play could not be about climate change; it itself had to be climate change. What narrative strategies could I employ to connect two seemingly different concepts together -- namely that of planet and bodily disposability?
My current project, in conjunction to DataRefuge, is an art-based inquiry to explore such narrative strategies that can translate climate change and federal environmental data to new dramatic forms. I will continue to revise After the Rain and tinker where data could come into the picture of this absurdist story. On another hand, I hope to devise performative experiments that can render data participatory and visible to the audience in a way that is felt and lived. Both methods are experimental, but one thing’s for sure: when our old tools of storytelling are not working, what can we do but experiment?
Emily Romick, Masters Student, Liberal Arts
In the post-industrial neighborhoods known as the Riverwards in Philadelphia, residents have cohabitated with with heavy industry and its aftermath for the past two centuries. Fourteen lead smelters and other large industrial plants were once active in this densely populated area along the Delaware River. Now boarded up or razed, these spaces (both structures that housed industry and remaining land) have been contentious for community members. Many are concerned with the remaining toxicity of these spaces and what threats might be present for their health due to lead and other metals. Furthermore, these spaces are often in transition. Newly desirable property has led to rapid condominium construction kicking up lead dust, while empty fields and abandoned buildings still hold questions of contamination and safety.
Public engagement can be formed around exploring these issues of place and toxicity. Collaborating with community members who have knowledge of neighborhood histories, challenges and dynamics (and, as a resident of the Olde Richmond section, I am also a community member), I aim to generate an accessible walking tour of industrial sites to map the neighborhood’s memory and potential futures. We can collectively create a space to share information on local environmental issues and activities. Our local work offers tools for communities to highlight and delineate problems of post-industrial toxicity to a broader public of city officials and stakeholders beyond these neighborhoods. My goal is to emphasize community knowledge as a way to bridge gaps in and augment scientific or environmental data, demonstrating the multiple ways environmental damage manifests. I also want to allow for public imagining of a less polluted future landscape in the Riverwards. To support this, the tour will conclude with an art-based exercise at a vacant lot that has seen years of illegal trash dumping and borders the contaminated Anzon, Inc. site.
When to Transmit the Traditional
Ana Alonso, Undergaduate PPEH Fellow, Linguistics and Environmental Studies
Contemporary traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) transmission stands at an ideological crossroads. TEK has guided the natural resource management of Indigenous peoples for millennia, and has traditionally been maintained and transmitted publicly. TEK is rooted in the community's reciprocal relationship with the landscape. Tribes in the Pacific Northwest, for instance, communally burned forest patches, and dug blue camas and bitterroot during spring and early summer. In the post-reservation era, however, TEK has been increasingly exploited. Pharmaceutical companies have intruded in Californian yew forests and overzealous gatherers frequently damage huckleberry patches in the Rockies. Maintaining a steady mode of TEK transmission thus drives toward an underlying question in Indian education: how can educators maintain public accessibility to a moral-valued knowledge when some participating groups hold interests antithetical to those underlying values? Further, should the values underlying TEK be exported to non-Indigenous managers?
In order to tease apart groups' relationships to a landscape, public accessibility must not be viewed as a uniform category, but as a multiplex set of relationships that can and should be constrained across various dimensions. Aboriginal gathering rights, for instance, prohibit non-tribal members from foraging on public land within certain geographic limits. Hiking and camping, however, are minimally constrained. Furthermore, enforcement of these is far stricter for economically valuable products, such as morels and huckleberries. Less publicly acknowledged resources, like bitterroot and camas, are still frequently dug communally, and non-tribal members may be variably welcome if they demonstrate sufficient competence.
This spring Penn Environmental Humanities is presenting an exhibit that attempts to illuminate these relationships. This exhibit not only showcases contemporary modes of transmitting TEK, but also addresses the implications that are hidden from public view and why they must remain so.
Bioremediation and Public Outreach
Sabrina Elkassas, Undergraduate PPEH Fellow, Earth and Environmental Science
Can bacteria solve our problems? Microbial-mineral interactions are ancient, but only now are we beginning to explore how these reactions can address public health challenges. Perhaps they can, for example, remediate asbestos of the properties that make it toxic to humans. Bacteria-asbestos interactions and their possible public application provide the topics of my work in public environmental humanities. I focus on public health and study how bacteria from the bottom of the ocean can be used for bioremediation of asbestos.
Publicly-engaged work in the environmental humanities offers a bridge between academic study and public engagement. Both components are equally essential. Public outreach informs every step of my research project—it’s not an afterthought, but is baked in to my research design from the beginning.
I will present my findings to academics and other university students at the Geological Society of America Northeastern Meeting in March in the Environmental Geology section of the meeting. I hope that this will stir-up some ideas in the multidisciplinary audience and encourage new experiments.
I also plan to teach fourth-grade students about the scientific method in collaboration with public engagement partner, Penn SRP, and the Wissahickon Valley Boys and Girls Club in Ambler, Pennsylvania. I grew up in a small town in rural Pennsylvania, with no dream I would ever be doing the work I currently am. A part of the Public Environmental Humanities is being able to effectively communicate research that can seem “complicated” or “out of reach”. I want to encourage these students that science is a creative field, and that anything is possible if you set your mind to it.
My final project with PPEH builds on my lesson given to the students in Ambler: the Philadelphia Science Festival. Here, I will translate my research into a display explaining the processes and methods of scientific research as the “Scientist-in-Residence” with PPEH’s exhibit on “Is it science or is it art?” I am hoping to convey the wide variety of microbial metabolisms and demonstrate their real life problem-solving potential.